You look at a decent sized park and there are a load of different features. Here is a guide to the all the features you might find on the mountain.
Sliding Snowboard Features
A box is the starter for any park rider. They are nice and wide, often low to the ground and they hurt less to fall on.
Bivvies are big plastic tubes ranging from 1ft up to 3 or 4ft. They are great to learn on as they are round like a rail but they are wide which makes it slightly easier to work out your balance point and stay on. Being plastic they usually hurt less to fall on as well. Most tubes are corrugated like construction piping but you do also get smooth ones.
Tubes and pipes are basically metal bivvies. They are huge round tubes of metal that are easy to stay on, they are usually short as well so great for learning new tricks.
Rails are much narrower than boxes, they are made of metal, usually steel. They are harder than boxes because you have less to balance on. There are a few different types of rail you may find in your park, here are the most common:
Round Rail is the most basic, just a singular tube of metal. They are often thin, around 2-3 inches but you can also get fat ones up to 6-7 inches that are great fun.
Shotgun Rail or double barrel rails are two thin round tubes welded together that makes it feel more like a thin flat rail because of the two contact points.
Flat Rail is a square or rectangle section of metal. They are fairly easy to learn on, being a halfway house between a box and a rail. They are more favoured by snowboarders than skiers generally.
These types of Rails/bivvies/tubes/boxes come in a variety of combinations that make up different shaped features. Here are some of the most common features:
Simply a flat in relation to earth, Normally have a drop off the end because of this.
Angled down with the slope, variety of angles.
Down Flat Down
Basically a up flat down
Any of these shapes can be combined to make whatever you want, even a down flat down left elbow flat down flat rail.
All these features will either be ride on or side on gettons.
Ride on features are easy to learn on because you do not have to think about jumping onto them. They are either dug into the ground or have a small kicker to enable you to ride up onto the feature. Plus they are usually low to the ground.
Side on features are the proper way to do it which involves a small getton either side of the feature so that you can ride alongside and pop up onto the feature. Inspired by Street riding.
Snowboard Kickers range from tiny 1-2 metre jumps to when Mads Jonsson stomped a huge frontside-three over a 57-metre Hemsedal gap jump back in 2005, this is still then world record.
There are a few different types of kicker which we will go through below:
Big drop after the kicker and then the knuckle rises to the landing. Most common, Scarier than a table top but just don’t land on the knuckle!
This is a safer kind of kicker because if you go too short then you have a lot less distance to fall than a standard kicker. They are usually more common on smaller kickers and great for learning stuff on.
A step up is a kicker that sends you upwards with a landing higher than the kicker so you step up to the landing. They are are scary because they need a lot of speed. Once you have that nailed they are great because you land at the top of your trajectory, so there is no downward force on the landing making it really safe, as long as you make it.
Less common in the park but more in the off-piste with cliff drops.
Also like a Whale Tail.
These range from mini 6ft fun pipes up to the 22ft super pipes.
Half a Half pipe.
Creative pipe shaped bowls make for interesting features like at the late Wangl Tangl That used to be ran in Mayrhofen, Austria.